The symptoms of Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and FASD are similar, but they are not the same thing- each has its own diagnostic criteria. Many children with FASDs are initially diagnosed with ADHD due to the conditions’ similarities, especially with attention difficulties. FASD individuals may have more difficulty remembering new material and thinking about multiple or abstract concepts, whereas ADHD individuals have trouble focusing and remaining attentive. Careful and accurate diagnosis and treatment is critically important for individuals known or suspected to have been exposed to alcohol prenatally.
Sources: FASD Competency-Based Curriculum Development Guide (2008)
Peadon, E., & Elliott, E. J. (2010). Distinguishing between attention-deficit hyperactivity and fetal alcohol spectrum disorders in children: clinical guidelines. Neuropsychiatric disease and treatment, 6, 509.
Posted in: Diagnosis