There have been very few studies that have estimated the economic cost of FAS and none that have estimated the cost of FASD.
According to a literature study of all of the current available information on the cost of FAS, there have so far been no studies that holistically consider all of the possible costs of FAS. The ten U.S. studies conducted so far do not take important variables into account like the cost of law enforcement, child welfare, research and prevention efforts, mental health services, help with mild physical and learning disabilities, or the lost productivity of both parents/guardians and individuals with FASD.
The most recent study conducted in 1992 and updated to adjust for changes in healthcare costs in 2000 by the Lewin Group for the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) estimates the cost of FAS to be approximately $3.9 billion. However, that number is almost certainly way too low and more data is needed to understand the true cost of FASD, which is likely at least ten times greater than the cost of FAS.
Source: “What Do We Know about the Economic Impact of Alcohol Spectrum Disorder? A Systematic Literature Review” Alcohol and Alcoholism (2011)
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