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Any amount of alcohol, even if it’s just one glass of wine, passes from the mother to the developing baby. It makes no difference if the alcohol is wine, beer, or distilled spirits (vodka, rum, tequila, etc.)
Developing babies have the same blood alcohol concentration as their mother, but they lack the ability to process or metabolize alcohol.
The Institute of Medicine says, “Of all the substances of abuse (including cocaine, heroin, and marijuana), alcohol produces by far the most serious neurobehavioral effects in the fetus.”